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2018年托福考试阅读题目练习题(3)

2018-04-05 20:55
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2018年托福考试阅读题目练习题(3)

  【待插入句子】 Indeed, at the height of Athenian democracy there was no government separate from its citizenry.

  Where would the sentence best fit? Click on square [■] to add the sentence to the passage.

  【待插入段落】 During the fifth century B. C. the council of 500 was extremely influential in shaping policy. [■] In the next century, however, it was the mature assembly that took on decision-making responsibility. [■] By any measure other than that of the aristocrats, who had been upstaged by the supposedly inferior "people," the Athenian democracy was a stunning success. Never before, or since, have so many people been involved in the serious business of self-governance. [■] It was precisely this opportunity to participate in public life that provided a stimulus for the brilliant unfolding of classical Greek culture.[■]

  1.首先公布答案:3rd square;

  2.然后我们来看一下待插入的句子:Indeed表示强调,翻译成“确实”;at the height of… 在...的巅峰;还有一个there was no… 用否定来表示强调:没有政府是跟全体市民分隔开的,言外之意就是说雅典的民主程度非常之高。 既然是强调,那前面一定要出现过相应的信息。

  3.最后让我们来看一下这一段的各个句子:

  1st: 议会(council)在制定(shape)政策上非常有影响力。 2nd: 但在下个世纪,成熟的立法机构(assemby)承担了做决定的职责。3rd: (以除了贵族之外的衡量标准看来,贵族被本应是下等人的人民抢去了风头)雅典的民主是一个巨大的成功. 4th: 空前绝后,从未有这么多人民参与到自我管理的严肃事业中来。 5th: 正是有了参与到公众生活的机会,才刺激了古典希腊文化的发展(unfolding,展开)。

  看完之后就很清楚了,整个段落一句话总结——雅典民主很成功。1st承接上文;2nd~4th讲民主如何成功;5th讲民主带来的影响。 而我们要插入的地方在民主程度高的后面,所以是在self-governance后面。放进去之后跟后面也能搭配起来,perfect.

  知识小补丁

  语法积累:

  it was… that… 强调句的固定搭配;

  other than… 表示否定,除了... 不是...

  decision-making n+ v-ing; 理解的时候就按照v+n来理解,making decision;做决策。

  never before, or since 前无古人,后无来者。

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